
The Structure of Matter: The Basic Particle Model A fundamental particle model explains Newton physics,
Summary A particle model, which is assumed to be applicable for elementary particles, i.e. for  Leptons explains  besides classical mechanics  phenomena which are normally contributed to relativity (SR and GR) and to quantum mechanics. The model will be called the "Basic Particle Model". The following physical phenomena are consequences of this particle model  Inertial mass (Note: This site is also available as a pdf file.) 1 Introduction According to the Basic Particle Model, every elementary particle is built by 2 massless constituents which orbit each other with the speed of light c. The frequency of the circulation is the deBroglie frequency (Figure 1.1). 




2 History of the Basic Particle Model The Basic
Particle Model can be related to the work of de Broglie, Dirac, and
Schrödinger in the 1920ies. 

(2.1) 

where h is the Planck constant [1]. 2nd Paul Dirac has developed the relativistic wave function of the Electron which was analysed by Schrödinger. 3rd Erwin Schrödinger. He found that, as a consequence of the Dirac function, the inside of the electron permanently moves with the speed of light c. These assumptions in a synopsis caused some physical problems:
These conflicts were not resolved during the past 80 years but they were related to quantum mechanics which by the current common sense cannot be understood by imagination. This position was excepted by most members of the physical community. But, in contrast to this common sense, the matter can in fact be understood by imagination if few assumptions are made which are very natural:
These assumptions solve the problems named above:
And on the other hand there are no conflicts with the current experimental situation of physics:
The structure of an elementary particle described above is assumed to be valid for every lepton and every quark. It is called the "Basic Particle Model". 

3 Consequences of the Basic Particle Model The Basic Particle Model is a powerful model which is able to make a lot of physical phenomena understandable. These phenomena are listed in the abstract above. (These phenomena are normally explained by different assumptions of "physical principles" and other assumed fundamental laws, which normally have no further explanation and which are partially even in conflict to each other.) 3.1 Consequences with Respect to Relativity For the case of special relativity the phenomenon of dilation is a consequence of the model. Details are in the given links about special RELATIVITY in general and about TIME DILATION. 3.2 Consequences with Respect to Inertial Mass The inertial mass of an elementary particle and the mass to size relation is a consequence of the model. From this application of the model there also follows the relativistic increase of mass at motion and the massenergy equivalence. In addition Newton's law of motion is a consequence of the particle structure assumed in this model, and, as a further consequence of Newton's law, the law of energy conservation. This is explained in the context of the INERTIAL MASS. 3.3 Consequences with Respect to Gravity Following an idea of Roman Sexl, General Relativity can be explained using the refraction of lightlike particles at a gravitational potential. This concept in connection with the basic particle model is able to explain GRAVITY or gravity and the other phenomena related to General Relativity. 3.4 Consequences with Respect to Particle Properties Particle properties, which by physical common sense can only be described by quantum mechanics, can be classically deduced by the basic particle model. This is explained for the example of the ELECTRON, but can be applied to all elementary particles. This covers the constancy of the spin, the magnetic moment, and also the massdependency of the gyromagnetic relation. 3.5 ParticleWave Duality The
particlewave duality, which is the principle pile of quantum mechanics
(within the so called 'Copenhagen interpretation') can, following Louis
de Broglie, be classically understood in the view of the basic particle
model. This is explained (in this case qualitatively) in the context of
SPECIAL RELATIVITY
(last section). 4 References


NOTE: The concept of the "Basic Particle Model" of matter was presented initially at the Spring Conference of the German Physical Society (Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft) on 24 March 2000 in Dresden by Albrecht Giese. 20220626 
